The Division for Blind Services (DBS) provides academic (college or university), vocational, or technical training for consumers to reach their vocational objectives.
Academic training for consumers is limited to
Vocational rehabilitation services for consumers receiving academic training, other than those services specifically addressed in state statute (such as tuition exemption for blind students), are the responsibility of DBS and not the college or university.
DBS provides support services, not covered in whole or part by comparable benefits, to any eligible consumer successfully completing academic training.
Before completing the IPE, counselors must assess a consumer's ability to benefit from academic, vocational, or technical training. If the consumer is transferred from a general caseload, this assessment should be completed before transfer.
Before a consumer receives DBS assistance for academic, vocational, or technical training, the VRC or TC should consider the consumer's
Before starting academic, vocational, or technical training, some consumers will benefit from attending CCRC to improve
The consumer must have addressed all areas of the Big 6 using the Confidence Builders philosophy.
Counselors with general caseloads are generally expected to transfer cases to college counselors after determining that the consumer meets the following:
The transferring counselor must discuss the transfer with the college counselor to coordinate the referral process. General counselors are encouraged to contact college counselors if assistance is needed in developing the IPE.
The IPE should identify a specific employment outcome and the services necessary for achieving this outcome. The IPE should
The counselor must emphasize the significance of the consumer's participation for successful completion of training and achievement of the employment outcome.
A consumer attending academic training must provide the counselor with the following documentation:
A consumer attending academic training must complete the following requirements:
Service authorizations are only issued after a consumer provides the required documentation. The counselor may make exceptions and document them in a case note. The consumer must justify retaking a course, and the counselor must approve the action.
Counselor responsibilities include the following:
College counselors may make arrangements with the college or university to obtain required information. The counselor must make at least one consumer contact during the semester to determine progress. This contact may be initiated by the consumer or counselor. Encourage consumers to take the initiative. Meet with the staff of the college's disability office, as necessary, to facilitate accommodations.
Based on consumer need, services for consumers in academic training may include
Consumers may receive tuition assistance if they meet economic need criteria and are
Consumers are sponsored in academic training for the number of credit hours required to complete a specified undergraduate degree program. FD approval is required for sponsorship toward a graduate degree. If a consumer obtains counselor approval for a reduced course load, documented in a case note, then the time for completion of the degree program may be extended.
If the consumer's history includes a record of marginal or poor academic performance, the counselor may obtain additional diagnostic evaluations in order to develop a remedial plan of action and determine whether academic training is feasible.
Examples of poor academic performance include
Incompletes must be completed in accordance with the requirements of the college or university.
Consumers who are having academic problems may need
Consumers must be allowed to complete remedial sequence classes if the consumer is making progress. If the consumer fails a remedial class a second time, the consumer must meet with the VRC to evaluate the feasibility of planned academic and employment objectives.
If a consumer requires remedial or developmental courses to strengthen academic skills, other resources include
If resources are unavailable or impractical, funds may only be used for two semesters.
The FD may grant individual exceptions to ensure that services necessary to achieve an employment outcome are not denied because of the limitation.
Most colleges and universities have their own policy regarding scholastic probation and DBS uses those standards, including the definition of a full course load.
Because some community colleges do not deny admission, place students on probation, or acknowledge poor performance, DBS requires that the consumer attending such community colleges
Refer to section 6.1.5 for exceptions to the above requirements.
For consumers taking online or correspondence distance-learning courses, the consumer must meet the same requirements established for classroom courses.
The Certification of Blindness form for tuition exemption may be used for distance learning courses.
The counselor should refer consumers to the EA specialist to
Academic, vocational, and technical training must be provided through a Texas public, tax-supported college or university unless one of the following circumstances applies:
The counselor must document in a case note the justification for a consumer to attend a private or out-of-state college, university, or technical or vocational school. The counselor’s immediate supervisor and the director of programs management will review the case note.
After obtaining written approval from the director of programs management, DBS may provide financial assistance for a consumer to attend a private or out-of-state college, university, or technical or vocational school. Payment of tuition for out-of-state colleges, universities, or vocational or technical schools must not exceed in-state tuition rates for Texas state colleges and universities.
If payment for tuition and fees is not approved or needed for private or out-of-state colleges, universities, or vocational or technical schools, DBS may provide other resources such as reader services, O&M, and books and supplies without supervisory approval.
Note: These procedures apply to academic, vocational, and technical training provided on campus as well as online.
The consumer must follow the academic training admission procedures by
The VR counselor must
The consumer must
The VR counselor must
Reader services are defined as oral reading or other similar services by one individual to a person who is blind. The material read is not otherwise accessible to the consumer. Reader services may be used for academic training. The counselor and consumer must explore the availability of other non-visual media before purchasing reader services. Reader services may include
A consumer who is legally or totally blind is eligible for reader services.
The consumer need not participate in the cost of reader services.
The counselor or consumer may determine if there are Texas Education Agency funds for reader services by contacting the disability coordinator at the university or college.
If DBS is to purchase reader services, the counselor must
Hourly rates are negotiated between the consumer and reader and reported on DARS2011, Reader Services Log. Maximum allowable monthly payments are prorated according to the number of course credit hours being taken towards the degree plan.
During the regular semester or quarter, a counselor generates a service authorization of
For courses taken in the summer, a counselor generates a service authorization of
With justification, the rate per credit hour can be increased at the counselor's discretion with field director approval.
If a consumer drops a course during the semester or quarter, the counselor reduces the monthly amount of reader service payments accordingly.
The consumer must
Reader Services Handbook (with cover for printing)
The VR counselor must
DBS consumers can obtain recorded textbooks from
20 Roszel Road
Princeton, NJ 08540
Telephone: (866) 732-3585
Before the consumer can receive materials, he or she must register with Learning Ally and receive a borrower identification number.
To register, a consumer must
The consumer receives the Learning Ally borrower identification number in two to three weeks. Learning Ally expedites applications when attached to book orders, and mails available materials as soon as the application is processed.
Reader service contracts provide a convenient way to pay for reader services. Using a contract or designating a payroll vendor for reader services does not infringe upon a consumer's independence. If the consumer loses a reader at a crucial time during the semester, he or she will not be burdened with finding a new reader, the university will help find a new one.
Reader services contracts are available at Stephen F. Austin State University.
The counselor must consider providing a tutor when
The tutor must have the necessary experience or skills to teach the consumer. If the school does not assign the tutor, the counselor must document the tutor's relevant experience or skills in the case record.
When tutorial services are provided, the counselor must document the timeframe for the services to be provided, along with the estimated total amount of payment, using the DARS2012 Service Agreement. When appropriate, the counselor must negotiate for a group rate. The counselor may request supervisory approval if he or she determines that the rate should exceed $20 per hour based on the instructor's qualifications, knowledge, and experience related to technical or other specialized academic programs. The counselor must complete the DARS2012 Service Agreement before initiating services.
DBS may purchase course-related textbooks and supplies for consumers in college and university training.
For undergraduate students, generate the service authorization (SA) with an estimated amount of $50.00 per semester hour.
For graduate students, generate the SA with an estimated amount $75.00 per semester hour.
The consumer should purchase used textbooks (current edition) when available, if the consumer can read and scan the text.
On the service authorization, include
Attach a store receipt to the service authorization.
DBS may buy equipment only if the consumer needs it to maintain academic success to meet the employment outcome.
Examples of equipment that may be purchased for consumers are found in section 6.6.1. In some instances, a specialist's evaluation is required to determine the nature of the equipment to be purchased.
The equipment available through the warehouse includes
The equipment that may be available through new or used consumer equipment warehouse stock includes
The equipment that may be available on some campuses for use without purchase includes
An EAS evaluation is required for telecommunications, sensory and other technological aids and devices. See Chapter 32: Telecommunications, Sensory, and Other Technological Aids and Devices for more information.
Equipment available through the state library without cost includes
Comparable services and benefits are provided or completely or partially paid for by
The comparable services and benefits must be
In this section, comparable services and benefits mean any resource available to assist a consumer throughout undergraduate or graduate college training.
Comparable services and benefits must be applied to the cost of housing.
The following are sources of comparable services and benefits:
While scholarships do not meet the definition of a comparable benefit, consumers are encouraged to apply for local scholarships. Some organizations that may have scholarships include
Financial aid offices in each college have additional sources for scholarships.
Pell Grant funds are used to pay for tuition, fees, books and other academic costs. If the Pell Grant amount is greater than the tuition and fees, the consumer may use the additional funds for other education expenses, under the terms of the grant. To receive a Pell Grant,
The consumer must apply annually for a Pell Grant.
If the consumer has defaulted on a Guaranteed Student Loan, the Department of Education will deny a Pell Grant and other forms of financial aid. Before DBS funds are used for training, the consumer must make a good-faith effort to repay the defaulted loan.
The VR counselor must
The consumer must
A college student may need maintenance assistance for supplies, room and board, etc.
For students at a tax supported institution, maintenance may be no greater than the actual food and lodging fees of the institution plus $55.00 per month for incidental needs.
Special consideration is given for payment to college students because heavier expenses often occur at the beginning of each semester. If the consumer meets the economic resources rules, one maximum payment of $200.00 may be requisitioned at the beginning of the regular semester or a one maximum payment of $100.00 may be requisitioned at the beginning of each summer session for items such as
Room and board is a part of maintenance provided for a consumer in college only when
If no comparable services or benefits and no dorm rates are available, DBS may provide a maximum of $275.00 per month.
A consumer who receives either SSI or SSDI cash benefits is expected to use those funds for their normal living expenses.
The tuition and fee exemption includes exemption from all required fees and charges, except
Consumers who are legally or totally blind and meet residency requirements for the college or university are exempt from paying tuition and fees for any state supported college or university in Texas. A student need not be a DBS consumer to receive a tuition and fee exemption. The specific criteria that must be met are noted in 6.9.4, Student Responsibilities.
DBS provides the consumer a letter (see Exhibit A) certifying that he or she is legally or totally blind.
If the student is not a DBS consumer, the student must present visual diagnostic information in person or by mail, confirming legal or total blindness.
Eye exams from an optometrist or an ophthalmologist or low-vision specialists are appropriate. DBS does not pay for a diagnostic exam for the sole purpose of obtaining this record. Do not use a medical consultant if medical records do not clearly document legal blindness.
Personal contact is preferable, so that the counselor can determine if the individual needs other DBS services. Travel is not authorized solely for certification for tuition exemption.
It is the student's responsibility to
To meet the eligibility for tuition exemption as indicated in the Texas Education Code, section 54.205, the student must
If a DBS consumer is legally or totally blind but is not eligible for tuition exemption because he or she does not meet the state-supported school's residency requirements, DBS may pay for tuition and fees not to exceed the resident tuition rate for Texas residents.
Exhibit A is the format to use when preparing a Certification of Blindness. It is recommended that it be printed on division letterhead and distributed as follows:
A transition or other VR counselor transfers the case folder to a college VR counselor when both counselors agree to the transfer.
DBS full-time college caseloads are designated below.
The responsibilities of the transferring counselor are outlined along with specific procedures in Chapter 40: Case Management, 40.4 Guidelines for Referral and Transfer of Cases.
Unless it would cause an unnecessary delay in services, the case folder must contain the following before transfer:
Significant effort should be made to transfer the case six weeks before the start of the new semester. Otherwise, the transferring counselor must issue service authorizations at the beginning of the semester for books, supplies, etc.
Once the case folder has been transferred, the college counselor must
After the consumer or student graduates, the college counselor must provide employment assistance services.
If the consumer does not find employment after a reasonable time, the college counselor discusses the case with the VR coordinator and/or field director to determine if the consumer is actively looking for work or needs other services to become successfully employed.
Academic training beyond the first bachelor's degree requires FD approval.
Non-degree training is provided at an approved public or private vocational and/or technical trade school and includes such occupations as
The student can earn a certificate of completion and, in some cases, a required state certification or license.
Degree training can include Texas State Technical College (TSTC) and other approved public or private vocational and/or technical trade schools authorized to grant associate degrees.
When planning for consumer training, use only vocational and technical schools, including correspondence and Internet courses, that have
Any out-of-state school that provides training to a consumer must have appropriate licensing in that state.
Frequently the Texas Workforce Commission (TWC) is the licensing entity (see TWC's Licensed Career Schools and Colleges Search Page).
TWC may allow exemptions from licensing under the Proprietary Schools Act. However, most of these exemptions do not apply to the training purchased by DBS. If a counselor has questions, he or she should contact Consumer Procurement Services.
For information regarding a particular school, or to have a school entered into the database of approved training providers, contact Consumer Procurement and Client Services Contracting (CPCSC).
Consumers entering a vocational or technical school must apply for all forms of financial aid, including Pell Grants, when available. See Chapter 4: Planning, 4.4 Comparable Benefits and Services for information on comparable benefits.
Obtain a copy of the school's catalog, if available.
When acceptable to the school, hourly payment for tuition is the preferred basis for payment.
When purchasing vocational or technical training from proprietary schools, document in case notes the basis on which payment is made on an
For vocational or technical training schools that require a single advance payment, pay at the time of enrollment.
Use the "Contract Comments" section in ReHabWorks to obtain additional information regarding
Some vocational or technical schools are approved to provide specific health-related tests that are required before a trainee can enter training or complete certification (for example, X-rays and TB tests). The "Contract Comments" section contains information about purchasing such tests from the school.
Contact Consumer Purchasing for additional assistance regarding purchasing
After a consumer completes training, obtain a copy of the certificate of completion (when available) and place it in the case file.
If a consumer withdrawals or is terminated from training before completing the course, pursue a refund according to the school's policy.
When availability of comparable benefits is in question, encumber the full cost of training with the understanding that the cost will be reimbursed to DBS when comparable benefits are approved. (Note this circumstance on the service authorization).
Purchase needed tools, books, consumable training supplies, uniforms, etc., from the school or other local providers.
If circumstances warrant additional time for the consumer to complete training, pay for an extension according to the school's policy.
The certificate of blindness should be printed on DARS letterhead and include the following statement:
This is to certify that ___________ is a person who is blind, as established in DBS policy, and is entitled to exemptions from the payment of tuition and fees (student service fees, building use fees, health center fees, lab fees, and property deposits not reimbursable to the consumer) at any institution of higher education utilizing public funds as specified in Education Code, Sec. 54.364.
Signature of Division Representative, Date